Tag Archives: shutter

Learn Your Camera With the Flip of a Dial

Get off the Green Box (aka AUTO): These are where you should be.
Creative Commons License photo credit: MoHotta18

This quick little tip is aimed mostly at the dSLR users out there who are still learning the ropes. I know how easy it can be to leave the camera in an “auto mode” so you don’t have to worry about all that technical crap. But the non-auto stuff really isn’t that bad, and it opens up a world of possibilities for you.

[tweetmeme]So this little exercise might be somewhat disappointing on your first go, but it should get you rolling in the right direction. You can do this in a single outing or split it up over multiple days — whatever works for you. And if you don’t feel enlightened after your first try, do it again. Alright, here’s the technique:

  1. SHOOT IN AUTO MODE
    If this is what you’re used to doing, just go ahead and get warmed up. Don’t think about that comfort zone you’re about to step out of, just shoot some photos.
  2. SWITCH TO APERTURE PRIORITY
    When you move to aperture priority mode, you control the f-number and everything else is automated. So now you need to start thinking about depth of field. Look for photo opportunities where you might want to blur the background or have everything in focus. Lower f-numbers equate to lower depth of field and higher f-numbers equate to greater depth of field. Pay attention to your foreground and background subjects, and experiment with different f-numbers on the same shot to see the results. You’ll also need to pay attention to your auto shutter speed chosen by the camera — low f-numbers on a sunny day might max out your shutter speed, and high f-numbers on a cloudy day might result in long exposures.
  3. SWITCH TO SHUTTER PRIORITY
    When you move to shutter priority mode, you control the shutter speed and everything else is automated. Now you need to think about motion blur. Look for opportunities where you might want to blur a fast moving object or freeze everything in the frame. Lower shutter speeds equate to more motion blur and higher shutter speeds equate to freezing action. Pay attention to moving objects, and experiment with panning your camera as you take a shot. You’ll also need to pay attention to your auto aperture chosen by the camera — slow shutter speeds on a sunny day might max out your aperture, while fast shutter speeds on a cloudy day might pin your aperture wide open.
  4. SWITCH TO MANUAL
    If you have a handle on the aperture and shutter priority modes, try switching over to full manual controls. The only difference is that you determine both aperture and shutter speed at the same time (and it’s not as hard as it first seems). Modern dSLR cameras have built-in light meters that tell you if your exposure is correct when shooting manual. That little scale in the viewfinder… that’s your light meter. Move the shutter speed and f-number around and you should see an indicator move across that scale at some point. If your exposure is correct, you should be somewhere around the center of that scale. As you experiment with the manual controls, you’ll probably notice that you prefer to leave the aperture or shutter in a steady place while modifying the other. This will tell you which priority mode you lean toward.
  5. Again, if you’ve never shot the priority modes or the manual mode before, this might be brutal on the first round. You’ll mess up a bunch of shots, you’ll miss shots entirely, and you’ll probably be pissed off. Stick with it though!

    The best way to learn the semi-manual and fully-manual controls is via practice. You can read about this stuff all day long, but that will only take you so far. So get out there and learn your camera!

    Any of you experienced folks have tips for those experimenting with the mode dial? Things to watch out for? Things to try?

Link Roundup 03-14-2009

I hope we all made it through the 2nd consecutive “Friday the 13th” this year! Here are your links — I skipped last week because I didn’t see a whole lot of noteworthy items. So this is from the last two weeks.

  • Photography 101.6 – Shutter
    digital Photography School
    Here’s a great overview of the shutter mechanism found in most cameras, including the mechanical operation and the effect it has on your photos.
  • New Camera and Lens
    Picture Blog by Richard Wong
    Check out this photo from Richard Wong. His batteries ran out while we were shooting Salton Sea so he hopped on my digital camera and fired off this masterpiece. Great photo!
  • Develop film with Coffee and Vitamin C
    Found Photography
    It doesn’t get much more DIY than this! I’m definitely going to give this a try!
  • Kinglake: One Month After Black Saturday
    Neil Creek
    Neil Creek had the opportunity to photography the Kinglake area in Southeastern Australia after the devastating wildfires. Check out his results!
  • Self Portrait Photography Tips
    digital Photography School
    Self portraits are probably more difficult than portraits of other people — here are some great tips and examples on the subject.
  • 12 Awesome Photography Business Card Ideas
    Photojojo
    If you’re trying to make your way into the photography business, cards are a valuable tool. Here are some good ideas for getting creative with your business cards.
  • Amazing Roads Photos
    Genius Beauty
    Here’s a nice little inspiration piece for ya — roads!